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  Humanities, Arts


Humanities are the branches of knowledge that are concerned with humans and their cultures or with analytical methods of inquiry based on an appreciation for human values and of the unique ability of the human spirit to express itself. The Humanities distinguish themselves from the Physical and Biological Sciences as a group of educational disciplines, and the Social Sciences to a slightly lesser degree. The Humanities consist of Languages, Literature, Arts, History and Philosophy. In many colleges and universities, the Humanities are organized as a school or administrative division.

Scholars who work in the Humanities are humanists. The term "Humanist" also refers to a philosophical position called Humanism, which some "anti-humanist" scholars in the Humanities reject. The artists and scholars of the Renaissance were also known as Humanists. Humanities are offered in some secondary schools and typically include literature, global studies and art.

The Humanities, such as History, Folkloristics, and Cultural Anthropology, study subject matters in which manipulative experimentation is unsuitable - and instead, use the comparative method and comparative research. Hermeneutics and source criticism are other approaches used in the humanities.


The arts are a very wide range of human practices of creative expression, storytelling and cultural participation. They encompass multiple diverse and plural modes of thinking, doing and being, in an extremely broad range of media. Both highly dynamic and a characteristically constant feature of human life, they have developed into innovative, stylized and sometimes intricate forms. This is often achieved through sustained and deliberate study, training and/or theorizing within a particular tradition, across generations and even between civilizations. The arts are a vehicle through which human beings cultivate distinct social, cultural and individual identities while transmitting values, impressions, judgments, ideas, visions, spiritual meanings, patterns of life and experiences across time and space.

Prominent examples of the arts include architecture, visual arts (including ceramics, drawing, filmmaking, painting, photography, and sculpting), literary arts (including fiction, drama, poetry, and prose), performing arts (including dance, music, and theatre), textiles and fashion, folk art and handicraft, oral storytelling, conceptual and installation art, criticism, and culinary arts. They can employ skill and imagination to produce objects, performances, convey insights and experiences, and construct new environments and spaces.

In the Middle Ages, Liberal Arts were taught in universities as part of the Trivium, an introductory curriculum involving grammar, rhetoric, and logic, and of the Quadrivium, a curriculum involving the "mathematical arts" of arithmetic, geometry, music, and astronomy. The modern distinction between "artistic" and "non-artistic" skills did not develop until the Renaissance. In modern academia, the arts are usually grouped with or as a subset of the humanities. Some subjects in the humanities are history, linguistics, literature, theology, philosophy, and logic.

The arts have also been classified as seven: painting, architecture, sculpture, literature, music, performing and cinema. Some view literature, painting, sculpture, and music as the main four arts, of which the others are derivative; drama is literature with acting, dance is music expressed through motion, and the song is music with literature and voice. The film is sometimes called the "eighth" and comics the "ninth art".

List of Subjects:

  • Human Geography
  • Behavioral Geography
  • Cognitive Geography
  • Cultural Geography
  • Development Geography
  • Economic Geography
  • Health Geography
  • Historical Geography
  • Language Geography
  • Mathematical Geography
  • Marketing Geography
  • Military Geography
  • Political Geography
  • Population Geography
  • Religion Geography
  • Social Geography
  • Strategic Geography
  • Time Geography
  • Tourism Geography
  • Transport Geography
  • Urban Geography
  • Integrated Geography
  • Clean Energy
  • Air and Oceans
  • List of Subjects:

  • Linguistics
  • Comics Studies
  • Comparative Literature
  • Creative Writing
  • English
  • History of Literature
  • Literary Theory
  • Poetry
  • African-American Literature
  • American Literature
  • British Literature
  • Translation & Interpretation
  • Chinese Language and Literature
  • French
  • List of Subjects:

  • Aesthetics
  • Applied Philosophy
  • Epistemology
  • Phenomenology
  • Ethics
  • Logic
  • Meta-Philosophy
  • Metaphysics
  • Philosophical Traditions and Schools
  • Social Philosophy
  • Political Philosophy
  • List of Subjects:

  • Biblical Studies
  • Religious Studies
  • Islamic Studies and History
  • Jewish Studies
  • Buddhist Theology
  • Christian Theology
  • Hindu Theology
  • Jewish Theology
  • Islamic Theology
  • List of Subjects:

  • Music
  • Dance
  • Television
  • Theatre
  • Film
  • Documentary
  • List of Subjects:

  • Applied Arts
  • Animation
  • Calligraphy
  • Decorative Arts
  • Mixed Media
  • Printmaking
  • Studio Art
  • Illustration
  • Fashion
  • Fine Arts
  • Drawing
  • Painting
  • Photography
  • Sculpture
  • Screenwriting
  • List of Subjects:

  • Biological Anthropology
  • Linguistic Anthropology
  • Cultural Anthropology
  • Biocultural Anthropology
  • Evolutionary Anthropology
  • Paleoanthropology
  • Forensic Anthropology
  • Archaeology
  • Social Anthropology
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